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Trajectory-Based Complexity (TBX): a Modified Aircraft Count to Predict Sector Complexity during Trajectory-Based Operations  (2011)
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In this paper we introduce a new complexity metric to predict -in real-time- sector complexity for trajectory-based operations (TBO). TBO will be implemented in the Next Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). Trajectory-Based Complexity (TBX) is a modified aircraft count that can easily be computed and communicated in a TBO environment based upon predictions of aircraft and weather trajectories. TBX is scaled to aircraft count and represents an alternate and additional means to manage air traffic demand and capacity with more consideration of dynamic factors such as weather, aircraft equipage or predicted separation violations, as well as static factors such as sector size. We have developed and evaluated TBX in the Airspace Operations Laboratory (AOL) at the NASA Ames Research Center during human-in-the-loop studies of trajectory-based concepts since 2009. In this paper we will describe the TBX computation in detail and present the underlying algorithm. Next, we will describe the specific TBX used in an experiment at NASA's AOL. We will evaluate the performance of this metric using data collected during a controller-in-the-loop study on trajectory-based operations at different equipage levels. In this study controllers were prompted at regular intervals to rate their current workload on a numeric scale. When comparing this real-time workload rating to the TBX values predicted for these time periods we demonstrate that TBX is a better predictor of workload than aircraft count. Furthermore we demonstrate that TBX is well suited to be used for complexity management in TBO and can easily be adjusted to future operational concepts.
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Aircraft, Based, Complexity, Complexity, Count, during, Modified, Operations, Predict, Sector, TBX, Trajectory, Trajectory-Based
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30th Digital Avionics Systems Conference (DASC) Seattle, WA, October 16 - 20, 2011
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Adobe PDF Icon  DASC2011-TBX-Prevot-Lee .pdf (Download Acrobat Reader Click to download Adobe Acrabat Reader)
  (1050KB) (application/pdf)
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Last Updated: August 15, 2019